Diabetes - An Overview

Diabetes is a medical condition where a person is not able to naturally control the level of glucose in their blood because their body cannot efficiently absorb or create insulin. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes develops when the body is unable to produce any insulin and symptoms may appear rapidly and seriously. In Type 1 the body reacts to the insulin producing cells by destroying them. This causes insulin to not be produced at all and glucose to rise drastically. This is the less common type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes develops when the body is unable to produce enough insulin or when the insulin it does produce is no good to function. The onset of type 2 diabetes is slower and the symptoms are more subtle than in type 1. In type 2 the insulin produced doesn't work efficiently or at all. Type 2 is far more complex and common than type 1. Symptoms of diabetes may include: 1) excessive thirst and a frequent need to urinate 2) needing to eat or snack regularly to control blood sugar levels 3) Hypos which can cause hunger, sweating, dizziness, difficulty concentrating, trembling and rapid mood changes Hypos, also known as hypoglycaemia, occur when the glucose either drops too low or rises too high. There is no strict rule as to what exactly causes them, and sometimes there is no clear cause.